Categories
History

The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) of 1935

Eyo Ita Esua of Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM)
Eyo Ita Esua of Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM)

The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) was founded in 1935 after the introduction of the Clifford constitution of 1922 which paved the way for the formation of political parties in Nigeria.

 

History of the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM)

Prof. Eyo Ita Esua was known to be the founding father of NYM, and others like Earnest Ikoli, the first editor of the Daily Times of Nigeria (1926), Samuel Akinsanya and Dr. C. Vaughan were founding members.

The Nigerian Youth Movement competed for the political control of Lagos with the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) of Herbert Macaulay. It is believed that the defunct Lagos Youth Movement (LYM) of 1934 metamorphosed into NYM.

Later on, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Samuel Ladoke Akintola, Obafemi Awolowo and H.O. Davis joined the party. The party was the first to have a national outlook in Nigeria based on the composition of its members. Prof. Kofo Ayobami was the president of the party, while Earnest Ikoli was the vice president, and H.O. Davis served as the secretary.

Membership of NYM

The membership of the party was open to all citizens of Nigeria, especially those residing in Lagos. NYM dismissed some of their members due to some political reasons but they were later accepted back into the party through the intervention of Nnamdi Azikiwe who promoted the spirit of Pan-Africanism among NYM members.

The aims of the Nigerian Youth Movement were to work towards the unity of Nigeria and to gain self-rule or independence for the nation. In 1938, NYM won the three seats in Lagos by defeating NNDP in the elections for the Lagos Town Council. NYM strongly opposed the system of indirect rule with support from traditional rulers.

In a charter published by the party in 1938, a paragraph said: “We are opposed to the term “Indirect Rule” literally as well as in principle. Honest trusteeship implies direct British Rule with a view to ultimate self-government.”

Contributions of the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM)

1. It promoted national unity by composing its members from several ethnic groups in Nigeria.

2. It fought hard for the political independence of Nigeria.

3. It aroused modern nationalism among Nigerians.

4. NYM played a prominent role in the abortion of the indirect rule.

5. It led to the formation of other political parties like NCNC (1944), AG (1951) and NPC (1951).

Thanks for reading, highlifextra.com

References:

  1. Omipidan, Teslom O. The Development of Political Parties in Nigeria. highlifextra. tag/developments-of-political-parties-in-nigeria/
Categories
History

Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) – First Political Party in Nigeria

Herbert Macaulay of Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) First political party in Nigeria
Herbert Macaulay of Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP)

The Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) was formed in 1923 by Sir Herbert Macaulay who is popularly regarded as the “father of Nigerian nationalism”.

This was the first of its kind in Nigeria. It was the Clifford constitution of 1922 that paved the way for the formation of NNDP because it (the constitution) established the elective principle for the first time in Nigeria.

 

NNDP was founded in conjunction with Lagos brilliant minds such as Dr Adeyemo Alakija, Joseph Egerton Shyngle, C.C. Adeniyi-Jones and Eric Moore.

The Nigeria National Democratic Party (NNDP) as a nationalist organization demanded free and compulsory education, the establishment of a university, Africanization of the civil service, a municipal government for Lagos and an end to racial discrimination.

This Party won all the three seats in Lagos into the Legislative Council in the elections of 1923, 1928 and 1933. It also won the elections into the Lagos Town Council when the elective principle was established. The party’s popularity among different classes of Lagosians is attributable to the leader, Herbert Macaulay’s personality, being a man who identified himself with the people.

However, the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) which happens to be the first political party in Nigeria did not have a national outlook as it was mainly based in Lagos. The party continued to dominate the political scene of Lagos until 1938 when it was defeated by the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM).

For a long time, the party’s activities remained unnoticed until 1964 when Samuel Ladoke Akintola accepted it as his party. It was a move made in an attempt to collapse the Action Group party led by Obafemi Awolowo.

It is worthy of note that the NNDP of Herbert Macaulay founded Lagos Daily News. This was an arm of the party that helped to encourage political activities, especially in Lagos.

Aims/Objectives Of NNDP

  1. To elect members into the Lagos Legislative Council.
  2. To upgrade Lagos to a full municipal status.
  3. To encourage compulsory education to the natives.
  4. To fight for and obtain independence for the country.

Achievements of the Nigerian National Democratic Party

  1. It won all three seats to the Lagos Legislative Council in the elections of 1923, 1928, and 1933.
  2. It provided a platform for testing true representatives.
  3. It fostered political consciousness.
  4. It contributed to the fight for Nigeria’s independence.

As a student, now you should be able to answer questions such as: who formed the first political party in Nigeria? What is the first political party in Nigeria? When was NNDP founded? etc.

Thanks for reading, highlifextra.com

References:

  1. Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM, 1935); Teslim Opemipo Omipidan; highlifextra.com.
  2. Dibie C. Chris. Essential Government Textbook. Tonad Publishers
  3. “Transforming Nigerian Party System” – The Tide.